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Can Hemp Flower be a Cash Cow for Farmers?

John Houshmand The hemp plant is the oldest plant under continuous cultivation. But for most of the 20th Century it was botanica non grata. Finally, the United States is waking up to how hemp can deliver on both industrial and wellness needs.

Hemp is a bit of a miracle plant that grows extraordinarily fast, often in hot conditions and poor soil with minimal fertilizer and pesticides. In less  than three months, hemp can grow from a seedling to six  feet tall and five feet wide. Think of a fragrant, bushy Christmas tree. Industrial hemp farmers can grow plants as tall as 15 feet.

In 2019, more than 400 New York State farmers secured a license to grow hemp, often for sale to processors who turn CBD hemp flower into CBD oil.

CBD Hemp Flower Farmer, John Houshmand

John Houshmand, a farmer based in Hobart, New York, had a different approach which is to create a stand-alone CBD hemp flower brand called Scotch Valley Ranch Hemp.

In search of a healthier life, John moved from Manhattan to  Delaware County, New York more than 20 years ago. A farmer/entrepreneur, he started a top-quality hay business and then an architectural furniture business. After obtaining a New York State research license in March 2019 to grow hemp, John turned his attention to growing CBD hemp flower.

Hemp Flower Takes Time

Compared to big ag farming techniques, John does not plow, disc or break the ecology of the field. He first mows the field like and then uses a post-hole digger on a tractor to make one-foot-diameter holes in the ground. 12-inch hemp seedlings are planted into those holes and then mulched. Conventional farmers are focused on efficiency and plow everything up killing worms in the process. By comparison, John bought earthworm castings for fertilizer and fungi rhizomes to create a rich, mulched line in which the plants grow.

As John notes, “this is really a hand operation. We snip them and get the stems to divide over and over again. Then we’ll run a trellis and we’ll train the plants in candelabra-like shapes to maximize sunlight that reaches the plant. We’re trying to maximize the amount of flower we get on the plants. We start to harvest in October."

With his harvest of Cherry Wine CBD hemp flower, John turned his attention to marketing his CBD-rich hemp flower through a new website,, as well becoming a CBD flower wholesaler. “Compared to THC, I like the healing properties of CBD and I like being on that side of the line.”

You can learn more about Scotch Valley Ranch, CBD hemp flower and buy some of their products at

The New Pioneers: How three young, dedicated farmers are carrying on the tradition of working the land

“The most peaceful thing in the world is plowing a field. Chances are you’ll do your best thinking that way." — Harry Truman

A farmer once said to me that the closer you get to the land, the less money you make. So why in the world would a group of college graduates head into farming where they will face back-breaking labor, intense isolation, hellacious weather, voracious pests and diseases that overnight can lay waste to months of effort that is rarely profitable, anyway? Well, it turns out that there are young people who are searching for what many of their parents’ generation were also looking for at one stage or another: Something authentic, honest. An experience they can own and be fully responsible for. Will all these young farmers stay in farming? Like any small business venture, some will make a go of it and others will wash out, sometimes quite literally. But we need all the young farmers we can get. Cause for Concern With more than 300 million of us living in the United States right now, less than a third of one per cent claim farming as their principal occupation, or about 960,000 people. Some might take this as a sign of progress. Hey, outsource farming to China and Mexico. That’s fine, perhaps, when a barrel of oil is $105, but what happens when the price of oil starts climbing. That asparagus from Mexico that was so cheap before also doubles in price because of trucking costs. But regardless of the price of oil, there are, of course, cultural benefits in passing on the hard-won experience of today’s farmers to the next generation. US Secretary of Agriculture Tim Vilsack has outlined the problem: “We need to be concerned about how many people are actually going to be able to farm, and how we replace those who are retiring and those who pass away,” he says. “The average age of the farmer in America today is 57. We had a thirty percent increase in the number of farmers over the age of 75, and a twenty percent decrease in the number of farmers under the age of 25.” In fact “all over the world, farmers are getting older,” according to Peter Nixon, an Australian sheep and grain farmer and international chairman of the Nuffield Farming Scholars Program. I Got into Farming to Pay Off My Milk Bill Sean Stanton, who is 39, started farming 12 years ago when he had to work off a $150 milk bill he owed to Dominic Palumbo of Moon in the Pond farm in Sheffield, Massachusetts. But after paying the bill, Stanton decided to start farming on a small scale with the 10 acres of land that his parents owned just north of Great Barrington. “I didn’t want to compete with Dominic’s operation, so I started with 25 chickens. Eight weeks later when we got to processing, I wasn’t so sure that I wanted to do that anymore. It’s only a few hours, but it’s pretty intense if you’ve haven’t ever killed animals for food.” Despite his initial reservations, Stanton decided that the whole process of raising animals was something he couldn’t walk away from. At first, Stanton saw raising chickens as supplemental income while he was in college. But by the end of the summer he had raised more than 425 chickens. Then he bought some pigs and cows and farming became a full-time job. With the price of farmland doubling over the last 10 years, finding affordable places for beginning farmers is a real challenge. Stanton has been effective at gaining access to land from neighbors who want to keep land in agriculture. The landowners get a tax break and agriculture vistas (and aromas). Stanton gets access to land for next to nothing. These days Stanton even has a restaurant connection. He works in close partnership with renowned chef Dan Barber to raise crops and eggs for Blue Hill Farm in Great Barrington. Oxen, Not Tractors When I first met farmer Rick Ciotola, he was in Sheffield, Massachusetts training a team of oxen who were secured cheek by jowl with a thick wooden yoke. For a brief minute I felt like I had stepped back in time. Who trains oxen today? Turns out Ciotola had his reasons. Born in the Bronx, the 35-year-old Ciotola moved to New Jersey when he was thirteen. His father ran a machine shop that handed industrial repair and where Rick learned to become a good mechanic. Taking a degree in construction management at Roger Williams, Rick started looking for work that “provided something necessary to society like teachers and policeman, a civil service, rather than a job simply to make money.” While he was good at construction management, rising quickly through the ranks, Ciotola was uncomfortable with the amount of waste in construction, and how the old farms and fields were being turned into condos. After hiking the Appalachian Trail for seven months in 2005, Rich was looking for a place to live in the Berkshires that would meet his rustic sensibility. He found a room-for-work situation at — ironically — Dominic Palumbo’s Moon in the Pond Farm. It turn out that his experience organizing construction projects was put to good use organizing and managing tasks on the farm and working with the crew.
Some will make a go of it and others will wash out, sometimes quite literally
After three summers with Palumbo, Ciotola headed out on his own, inspired in part by a presentation showing how draft animals can be used in farming. Telling a local dairy farmer about his plans to buy a team of oxen, the farmer offered to let Ciotola train two bull calves (males have little value in a dairy operation.)  Compared to oxen that produce and distribute waste that helps farmers, experiencing a “face full of diesel fuel in my face” running a tractor really turned Ciolota’s head. Oxen do a fabulous job pulling logs out for lumber with minimal impact and going places that tractors can’t go. In fact, much of the work on a small farm, according to Ciolota, can be done as quickly using oxen as tractors, and improves the soil health of the fields in the process. It’s not that Ciolota doesn’t use a tractor. He does have a small one but, with little faith in the fossil-fuel economy, owning oxen is a great way to hedge his bets. Today Ciolota is almost completely self-sufficient and healthier than ever. In the summer he grows veggies on two acres for himself and to sell at a farmers market. The fall is a good time to hunt deer. In the winter he uses his oxen for logging. For him, “there is nothing better than having a beautiful meal with friends at the end of the day with food I have grown.” Life with Chubby Bunny Dan Hayhurst and his wife Tracy have been running Chubby Bunny Farm a 52-acre parcel in Falls Village, Connecticut, since 2003. With a degree in Philosophy from Boston College, the 38-year-old Hayhurst worked on four farms in five years before leasing and eventually buying his own land in 2006. The time he spent as an apprentice and the care he takes today in his farming practices make his vegetables a thing of beauty. (I learned to really love green leafy vegetables thanks to Chubby Bunny.) But its damn hard work to get them that way. The first time I met Dan he was hand-weeding the organic carrots. That’s just the way he rolls. Listening to Hayhurst talk about soil is a lesson in itself. By using cover crops, (plants that suppress weeds, build productive soil, and control pests and diseases), he adds key nutrients that make his vegetables not only tasty, but replenish the soil in the process. He believes it’s important to use products and practices that are compliant with organic standards and deliver “nutrient density in our crops.” That means “plenty of compost, avoiding herbicides and synthetic pesticides.”  Sustainability for Hayhurst is not only about “choosing sustainable inputs; it is constantly striving for a better and healthier ’farm, which encompasses our employees, our neighbors, our customers, our family, our animals.” What he has learned over time is that in addition to maintaining the land, Hayhurst has to take care of his crew by effectively motivating his team and managing their time. The crew includes Dan, four apprentices, full time from April though October, and in two hourly locals to “bang out weeds” at peak times.  His wife Tracy, meanwhile manages the books, their website, and the CSA, which attracts 300 paying customers. Like any progressive management consultant, Hayhurst builds the effectiveness of his team through mutual respect and ongoing education. Getting into Farming Not everyone who gets into farming is necessarily young. There are career changers, urban escapees, and even retirees. It certainly helps to have some life experience running a business, not to mention a lot of energy and the sheer willingness to take on the challenges of a farm. But regardless of age, beginning farmers should start small. Rick Ciolota recommends working on a range of farms over a number of years to gain experience. Equally important: Keep your town job. The National Young Farmers’ Coalition found that 73 percent of young farmers must work away from the farm to make a living. Meanwhile, only 22 percent of beginning farmers turn a profit in their first year. To me there is something so elemental, pure and powerful — honest is a word I’ve heard more than once — about working a farm that attracts young people to farming.  For the health of our economy and our collective wellbeing, I hope that these young farmers stick with it. FOR MORE Beginning Farmers Family Farm Management The Greenhorns Blue Hill Farm Chubby Bunny Farm Moon in the Pond Farm

Farmer for a Day: 10 Tips for Your Trip

Picking your own fruit and vegetables can be fun for the family, but better with some forethought

Apples and pumpkins are suddenly everywhere, luring families and friends to pick-your-own-farms across the country.  While these places provide agrarian entertainment year round, Fall seems to brings out the most people and the most major league traffic jams, like the one I observed in East Hampton, New York just last weekend.  With proper planning, you’ll be creating memories for years to come.Here’s how to get to the farm and back with the maximum fun-per-mile: 1. Call Ahead That light shower in the city could have been a hailstorm knocking golf ball-sized holes in pumpkins. Strawberries and blueberries can get waterlogged after a hard rain. Best to wait a few days for the sugars to concentrate a bit. A call will help you compare prices and agricultural practices that may not be addressed on the farm’s website. For example, one place I know produces the most beautiful berries you’ve ever seen outside of a Driscoll box. But they’re hardly natural. Those berries get squeaky clean through a fungicide cocktail that you wouldn’t want on your breakfast cereal.  Even though a pick-your-own-trip seems to be all about family fun, a few farms have age minimums for visitors (based perhaps on some toddler bush-crushing in the past).Apple Picking in New York 2. Know What Things Cost You’ll want an idea of what things should cost.  Some farmers try to compete on price. Some may charge more than the supermarket because they are using organic or sustainable growing practices. That does not mean that the supermarket price is the real cost of bringing food to the table. Supermarkets may use something like pumpkins as a loss leader to bring in shoppers.  That said, some farmers do price at levels that leave a bad taste in my mouth. If three local farms have pumpkins at 39 cents a pound and another at 69 cents a pound and there is no difference in growing methods, well. . . you know what to do. 3. Get There Early If you want your pick of the produce, especially something like berries, it’s best to arrive at the farm early, when fruit is at its peak and crowds are thinnest. 4. Bring Your Own Containers I looked over a raspberry bush with envy this fall as a woman filled her wide, shallow basket with berries. It was easy to carry and could be filled to the brim without crushing the fruit. I, of course, was clutching a cardboard pint box and trying not to spill it as I reached far into the bush.  At least I had remembered to bring an insulated cooler with water bottles frozen solid, to protect the fruit from field to fridge. In fact some farmers may charge you for containers.  That’s generally okay—but not if the container is a huge cardboard flat that you don’t have a prayer of filling late on a Sunday afternoon. 5. Pick Carefully and Tread Lightly [caption id="attachment_2490" align="alignright" width="246" caption="Photo: Bob Krasner"]Apple Picking in New York State[/caption] Occasionally a farm visit can feel like spring break, with people running through the fields searching for the next great row or the biggest pumpkin. Plants are the farmer’s livelihood and don’t respond well to being trod on.  Ask the farmer for advice on where to pick and what to look for—ensuring that your clan is picking mature fruit that doesn’t needs ripening time. 6. Real Food Looks Different Tomatoes shipped 1,000 miles are picked dead green and then gassed with ethylene to ripen and redden for supermarket shoppers. Some California strawberries sent to New York are given a good dose of water before being picked, to plump them for the box.  Real food grown using heirloom seeds and sustainable methods may not look exactly like what you are used to getting in the supermarket, but it will be far tastier when the time from farm to table is measured in hours instead of days.  For those of you still vibrating from seeing Food Inc., ask the farmer about the growing methods employed. Is he or she using pesticides or fungicides? If so, how recently was a field sprayed?  Even farmers that usually practice sustainable growing methods may apply products as a last resort to save their crop. 7. Look For Deals Farms may offer discounts if you’re picking a bunch or take their pre-separated seconds. So, if you’re planning on making gallons of sauce for a block party, you might be able to save as much as 50 percent. 8. Dress for Success When walking the fields, it’s best to wear a hat, sunscreen and clothes that permit you to bend easily and wash (yourself and your crop) without a whole lot of fuss. Good, strong shoes with tread help. For some reason, on one visit I was wearing a pair of bowling shoes when I hit the fields. They looked fabulous but were so slippery that I spent a good part of the time on my keister. 9. Different Strokes Some farms really go all out with agri-tainment, such as petting zoos, corn mazes, hayrides or pumpkin catapults. Others are, well, farms.  If you have young children on the trip, taking a break with a puppet show may be just what the doctor ordered. But if you have come to pick, you might want to find a farm that focuses more on food than fun.  Some farmers can be grumpy, too. Their people skills, slim to begin with, are further challenged when carloads of people are tromping through their fields. I prefer to find a place where the farmer is proud of what he does, wants to tell you about it, and will happily show you around. Buy Direct and Save (a Farm) They say the closer to the land you work, the less money you make.  A U-pick farm visit certainly brings you closer to the land and your food. Spend a few hot hours in the fields and you’ll have a greater appreciation for what farm workers do every day.  The dollars you spend there do make a difference. Farmers who sell their produce through distributors receive perhaps 30 cents on the retail dollar. When you make a purchase at the farm, you know the farmer is keeping the majority of your payment. And with farmers often powering small communities, that’s good news for all of us. Get started here. [caption id="attachment_2491" align="aligncenter" width="300" caption="Photo: Bob Krasner"]Apple Picking in New York State[/caption]


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City Chickens

When ‘local’ is measured by footsteps rather than food miles, there’s a reason why chickens have become the mascot for the locavore movement, buy cheap AMOXICILLIN no rx. But before you jump in with both feet it helps to do some homework. Buy AMOXICILLIN without a prescription, Try to ignore the example set by Sandra McLean, former president of Slow Food New York, who confessed, order AMOXICILLIN online overnight delivery no prescription, “We did no research before getting our chickens. AMOXICILLIN from canada, Our neighbors in Brooklyn had five chickens and offered us two. BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION, It happened overnight.”  McLean did have some childhood experience with chickens: “We couldn’t have a dog, but a chicken for some reason was manageable. We kept it in the laundry room and took it on vacations with us.”

To learn more about raising chickens for eggs, I sat down with Mark Thompson, AMOXICILLIN canada, mexico, india, the co-founder, Low dose AMOXICILLIN, with his wife, Sharleen Smith, of  Their company provides easy-to-use software tools to help people manage their flocks and find a market for surplus eggs and chicks, effects of AMOXICILLIN.

Step 1: Does Your Community Allow You to Keep Chickens?

If you want to raise chickens, AMOXICILLIN street price, start by checking with your local health department or Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Even when it’s legal, you still need to make sure not to create a “nuisance condition.” You don’t want neighbors complaining about the noise or smell, AMOXICILLIN mg. Before you start, Discount AMOXICILLIN, let them know what you’re up to; when your birds begin to produce, share a carton now and then.  And: no roosters. You don’t need them to get eggs, BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION.

Step 2: If You Were a Chicken What Would You Be?

First, where can i buy AMOXICILLIN online, determine the best breeds for your climate and neighbors. AMOXICILLIN used for, As befits their cartoony name, Foghorn Leghorns tend to be noisy. Compared to birds that are raised primarily for meat, where can i cheapest AMOXICILLIN online, good layers are calmer, Herbal AMOXICILLIN, quieter, and less flighty. Here are some of Thompson’s favorite breeds for New Hope, AMOXICILLIN no rx, Pennsylvania, AMOXICILLIN treatment, winters:

  • Plymouth Rocks: Hardy, with historical significance in the development of our nation.

  • Delawares: At one time America’s most popular chicken; now the basis for the US meat industry.

  • Speckled Sussex: Originally bred for meat; so easy to catch that they’ll jump into your arms, delighting children and adults alike.

  • Rhode Island Reds: America’s best layers; the basis for many commercial breeds.

  • Ameraucana: Pale blue shells and small pea combs; hardy in Northern winters.

  • Buff Orpingtons: Calm, AMOXICILLIN wiki, quiet, Cheap AMOXICILLIN, great pets. BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION, Francie Randolph, a Truro, MA artist, calls them “so darn beautiful, like they’ve jumped out of a Renaissance painting.”Brooklyn Boy with Chicken

At one time there were hundreds of chicken breeds in America. Many are disappearing due to industrial farming, which tends to reduce diversity, AMOXICILLIN pharmacy. By buying heritage breeds, AMOXICILLIN from canada, you can play a part in supporting biodiversity.

Step 3: Find a Reputable Hatchery

Thompson recommends buying from hatcheries that are certified by the USDA’s National Poultry Improvement Plan.  Chicks are quite affordable— a few dollars per bird. Most hatcheries have minimum orders of 15 to 25 birds, AMOXICILLIN without a prescription, which are necessary because the chicks need one another's body heat to survive their two-day journey. So band together with some fellow urban farmers to split an order, or check Eggzy for a flock owner with a surplus, BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION. AMOXICILLIN forum, Step 4: Build or Buy a Coop

Like the breed you pick, your coop should reflect your climate as well as local ordinances, even the design of your home, purchase AMOXICILLIN. Most people have a fixed pen, Ordering AMOXICILLIN online, with compost ground covering that is changed regularly. An arc, basically a chicken house on wheels, after AMOXICILLIN, allows you to move chickens around the yard but keeps them caged at the same time

You will need about two square feet of interior space per bird in the coop, Buy AMOXICILLIN without a prescription, where the chickens can sleep protected from the elements. One-and-a-half feet of perch space per bird is ideal, with a nest box for every four birds, AMOXICILLIN brand name. BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION, Ideally you’ll have an outdoor run with space, about three square feet per bird, to scratch around and look for bugs.  But beware if you let them in a garden filled with carefully tended plants. McLean says, Where to buy AMOXICILLIN, “The pullets decimated my beautiful front garden in 36 hours. They ate everything but the boxwood.”

The best coops are well ventilated, easy to walk into and keep clean, kjøpe AMOXICILLIN på nett, köpa AMOXICILLIN online. A nesting box near the front door makes life easier. Buy cheap AMOXICILLIN no rx, Chickens live outside all year, but don’t lay as much in the winter due to lack of light (rather than lower temperatures).

Step 5: Care and Feeding

Chickens will eat food scraps from the table, BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION. Most backyard farmers provide some supplemental grain for nutrition. A 50-pound bag of feed will last four chickens for three months. McLean’s son gives her chickens dog food, which they love and occasionally eggs. Then again there was some concern about cannibalism. BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION, There are a handful of things you shouldn’t feed to chicken, like eggs (cannibalism again) and raw, dry or undercooked beans, which contain a poison called hemaglutin, which is toxic to birds.

Eggistential Truths

There are practical and existential reasons to raise chickens. You get fresh eggs, rich fertilizer, bug control and an essential part of your composting system. Before you plant a garden, you can use chickens to clear and fertilize the ground. They require little effort other than changing their water, cleaning out the coop and feeding them.

A Mother Jones analysis compared eggs from battery chickens to pastured chickens and found that pastured eggs were better for you:

  • One-third less cholesterol

  • One-quarter less saturated fat

  • Two-thirds more Vitamin A

  • Two times more Omega-3 fatty acids

  • Three times more Vitamin E

  • Seven times more beta carotene

There are “soft” benefits of keeping chickens too, BUY AMOXICILLIN NO PRESCRIPTION. Chickens, because of their social structure (the famous ‘pecking order’), are fascinating to watch. Children can learn to take care of them. Thompson even describes how a friend used chickens to calm a father suffering from nervous condition. Finally, it is rewarding to know that you can play a significant part in raising your own food.


Eggzy: Know Your Food!


Backyard Chicken Breeds

American Poultry Association

Henderson's Chicken Breed Chart


Ideal Poultry

Whitemore Farm

Tukswitt Farm


Backyard Chickens .



BUY VENTOLIN NO PRESCRIPTION, Brooklyn Bouillon takes an essential cooking basic and brings it into the foodie revolution. Here’s how…

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Stock is made by simmering in water various components, VENTOLIN long term, including meat (or poultry or fish), bones, herbs and mirepoix (a combination of finely chopped vegetables), purchase VENTOLIN online no prescription. Reducing the liquid by half or more yields a rich base for cooking, most frequently for soups and sauces, BUY VENTOLIN NO PRESCRIPTION. To show how essential bouillon has been to the French, Comprar en línea VENTOLIN, comprar VENTOLIN baratos, the word “restaurant” appeared first in 1750 as a thing to eat rather than a place to go.  Restaurant was the new name for bouillon.

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